The Nuclear Suppliers Group's new guidelines represent a compromise between states eager to prevent sensitive know-how from proliferating and states which fear discrimination by the countries that currently do nearly all the world's commercial nuclear fuel processing.
Exempting Argentina and Brazil on new enrichment and reprocessing guidelines in the 46-member Nuclear Suppliers Group undermines the separate but important goal of establishing the IAEA Additional Protocol as the global standard on nonproliferation verification.
China's prospective nuclear deal with Pakistan would breach international protocol about the trade of nuclear equipment and material, raising concerns about the risks of nuclear proliferation.
China is poised to export two power reactors to Pakistan, despite guidelines adopted by the Nuclear Suppliers Group. The transaction is about to happen at a time when China's increasingly ambitious nuclear energy program is becoming more autonomous.