Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, an indefatigable Polish historian, diplomat, and Auschwitz survivor, died on April 24 after spending his life seeking reconciliation with Germany and Israel.
Five years since a Polish government aircraft crashed in western Russia, Moscow has yet to return the plane to Poland. The crash is still having political ramifications.
The Ukraine crisis shows that Poland’s special foreign policy toward its Eastern neighbors is needed more than ever—together with support from Berlin.
Poland has canceled the Polish Year in Russia and Russian Year in Poland, which would have been an unprecedented joint cultural celebration. But some links remain.
Warsaw wants more of the same from Berlin. But the depth of Polish-German relations will depend on Germany maintaining its role as the guardian of cohesion in the EU.
If Poland wants to become a serious player in Europe, it needs to move toward a competitive economy and adopt the euro.
Poland’s decision to indirectly criticize Russia on human rights issues as part of the EU and not as a single state is a strategic decision. This allows Warsaw to voice its concerns while still maintaining its position in the EU and reaping the benefits of productive relations with Moscow.
Poland is pushing for stable, prosperous, and democratic states in its own neighborhood and beyond.