Turkey’s incursion into Afrin marks a significant move in Ankara’s campaign against the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG).
Revamping the Customs Union would unlock numerous economic benefits for Ankara and Brussels.
Ankara’s latest military offensive in Syria and its domestic agenda are leading to a cul-de-sac with the EU.
Turkey is haphazardly decoupling from Western norms and behavior, but the EU must remain an anchor for Turkish democrats.
Revamping its Customs Union with Turkey is the only viable way for the EU to encourage rules-based economic and political reforms in the country and maintain engagement with Ankara.
Despite a deteriorating relationship, Brussels and Ankara will have to find a way to work together.
The Turkey-EU agenda should include a resilience action plan to improve the capacity of Turkish institutions and society to withstand—and eventually seek to roll back—challenges to democracy.
Turkey’s quandary will only be resolved by the country’s politicians and citizens. How much courage, consistency, and resilience they show will be of the essence.
EU leaders should use the next European Council summit to have a frank and sober discussion about Ankara’s future relationship with Europe.
A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.