Relations between Brussels and Ankara have not yet passed the point of no return, however they are at an important fork in the road.
British and Turkish policymakers face a very similar conundrum: they both need to reconstruct a relationship with the EU under the newly changed assumptions about their future status.
Whatever the outcome of Turkey’s April 16 referendum on a new constitution, the country’s relationship with the European Union has reached a watershed.
The Turkish leadership and several EU governments are currently in the middle of a diplomatic spat of rare magnitude.
Recent political developments in Turkey and the surrounding region pose challenges for practical aid cooperation between the EU and the Turkish government.
A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
The punishment of alleged traitors after Turkey’s failed July 2016 coup is paramount to reinforcing the government’s revenge narrative ahead of a constitutional referendum.
Ankara faces a number of foreign policy challenges, from the war in Syria to relations with the West. In each case, Turkey’s options are determined by domestic priorities.
Extreme tensions created by the July 2016 failed coup were decisive in hastening a debate on a draft new constitution in Turkey. If approved, the country will effectively adopt a one-man-rule system.
Turkish military intervention in Syria can succeed, however completion of the Al-Bab campaign against the self-proclaimed Islamic State will take time.