Europe needs more military cooperation between London and Paris. Yet the prospects for significant joint action in the future appear slim.
Progress on European defense needs to go hand in hand with upgrading soft power. In this regard, the EU has not been up to the mark.
While the EU is celebrating PESCO, Paris is preparing for closer defense cooperation outside the union.
Germany will have no new government until at least next February, as Europe’s biggest economy begins to lose influence and predictability under its chancellor.
Emmanuel Macron could soon become the de facto leader of the EU. But first, he needs to make the French economy great again.
It won’t be plain sailing for Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel to agree on further fiscal and monetary integration, not least because of their own differences.
A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
The next German government needs a long overdue policy for Europe’s future. That means supporting French President Emmanuel Macron.
France is committed to taking on more responsibility for the defense of Europe without alienating or competing with NATO.
European governments will need to take a big leap of faith to embrace a defense doctrine led by France.