Thomas de Waal

Senior Fellow
Carnegie Europe

De Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.

Tom de Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.

He is the author of numerous publications about the region. His latest book is Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2015). He is also the author of the authoritative book on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War (NYU Press, second edition 2013), which has been translated into Armenian, Azeri, Russian, and Turkish, and of The Caucasus: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2010).

De Waal has worked extensively as a journalist and writer in the Caucasus and Black Sea region and in Russia. From 1993 to 1997, he worked in Moscow for the Moscow Times, the Times of London, and the Economist, specializing in Russian politics and the situation in Chechnya. He is the co-author (with Carlotta Gall) of the book Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus (NYU Press, 1997), for which the authors were awarded the James Cameron Prize for Distinguished Reporting.

He has also worked for the BBC and for the Institute for War and Peace Reporting, a London-based NGO.

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  • Azerbaijan’s Lost Transparency
    • Monday, March 20, 2017

    Azerbaijan’s Lost Transparency

    Azerbaijan’s suspension from a coalition of energy-extracting countries will harm Baku’s international brand and image as a reliable place to invest.

  • A Belarusian Balancing Act
    • Monday, February 20, 2017

    A Belarusian Balancing Act

    Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko has become Europe’s ultimate deal maker, by trying to keep his options open with the EU while not letting Russia take him for granted.

  • The Threat of a Karabakh Conflict in 2017
    • Tuesday, January 24, 2017

    The Threat of a Karabakh Conflict in 2017

    A descent into renewed fighting in the South Caucasus is the last thing anyone wants—least of all the ordinary Armenians and Azerbaijanis who will be caught in the middle of it.

  • 2016, the Year Europe Forgot World War II
    • Monday, December 19, 2016

    2016, the Year Europe Forgot World War II

    The year 2016 witnessed the breakup of the common identity that had held Europe together for over seventy years. Two notable examples come from Britain and Russia.

  • Ever-Intractable Transdniestria
    • Tuesday, November 22, 2016

    Ever-Intractable Transdniestria

    Moldova’s election of a pro-Russian president may be symbolically important but is unlikely to assuage the conflict in the country’s breakaway region of Transdniestria.

  • Eastern Europe’s Superfluous Men
    • Monday, October 24, 2016

    Eastern Europe’s Superfluous Men

    Antipopulist liberals in Georgia and other Eastern European countries have lost voters’ support. They need the wheel of history to turn again to realize their potential.

  • Georgia Holds an Election Without Saviors
    • Monday, September 26, 2016

    Georgia Holds an Election Without Saviors

    Georgia’s parliamentary election on October 8 will be the first in the country’s history in which no big charismatic figure is dominating the headlines.

  • Russia, Turkey, and a Multipolar World
    • Tuesday, August 30, 2016

    Russia, Turkey, and a Multipolar World

    The Russian and Turkish presidents are more comfortable with a world in which alliances are transient and traditional great powers set the agenda.

  • Europhobia in the UK
    • Tuesday, July 19, 2016

    Europhobia in the UK

    Even with a new government in place, Britain’s postreferendum economic uncertainty has lit a flame that looks set to keep the country’s politics of division alive.

  • Brexit, the English Revolt
    • Tuesday, June 21, 2016

    Brexit, the English Revolt

    Underlying the referendum on the UK’s EU membership is a simmering English nationalism that cannot be ignored—whatever the result of the vote.


BA, Balliol College, University of Oxford

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