Thomas de Waal

Senior Fellow
Carnegie Europe

De Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.

Tom de Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.

He is the author of numerous publications about the region. The second edition of his book The Caucasus: An Introduction (Oxford University Press) was published in 2018. He is also the author of Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2015) and of the authoritative book on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War (NYU Press, second edition 2013).

From 2010 to 2015, de Waal worked for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC. Before that he worked extensively as a journalist in both print and for BBC radio. From 1993 to 1997, he worked in Moscow for the Moscow Times, the Times of London, and the Economist, specializing in Russian politics and the situation in Chechnya. He co-authored (with Carlotta Gall) the book Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus (NYU Press, 1997), for which the authors were awarded the James Cameron Prize for Distinguished Reporting.

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  • Ever-Intractable Transdniestria
    • Tuesday, November 22, 2016

    Ever-Intractable Transdniestria

    Moldova’s election of a pro-Russian president may be symbolically important but is unlikely to assuage the conflict in the country’s breakaway region of Transdniestria.

  • Eastern Europe’s Superfluous Men
    • Monday, October 24, 2016

    Eastern Europe’s Superfluous Men

    Antipopulist liberals in Georgia and other Eastern European countries have lost voters’ support. They need the wheel of history to turn again to realize their potential.

  • Georgia Holds an Election Without Saviors
    • Monday, September 26, 2016

    Georgia Holds an Election Without Saviors

    Georgia’s parliamentary election on October 8 will be the first in the country’s history in which no big charismatic figure is dominating the headlines.

  • Russia, Turkey, and a Multipolar World
    • Tuesday, August 30, 2016

    Russia, Turkey, and a Multipolar World

    The Russian and Turkish presidents are more comfortable with a world in which alliances are transient and traditional great powers set the agenda.

  • Europhobia in the UK
    • Tuesday, July 19, 2016

    Europhobia in the UK

    Even with a new government in place, Britain’s postreferendum economic uncertainty has lit a flame that looks set to keep the country’s politics of division alive.

  • Brexit, the English Revolt
    • Tuesday, June 21, 2016

    Brexit, the English Revolt

    Underlying the referendum on the UK’s EU membership is a simmering English nationalism that cannot be ignored—whatever the result of the vote.

  • Honoring Turkey’s Voice of the Voiceless
    • Tuesday, April 26, 2016

    Honoring Turkey’s Voice of the Voiceless

    A new English-language biography offers a fresh insight into the inspiring life of the assassinated Armenian-Turkish editor and civil rights leader Hrant Dink.

  • Fighting Europe’s Monument Wars
    • Tuesday, March 15, 2016

    Fighting Europe’s Monument Wars

    The past can be either sanctified or trivialized. A good policy on monuments needs to navigate between those two extremes.

  • The Odessa Project
    • Thursday, February 18, 2016

    The Odessa Project

    Mikheil Saakashvili, governor of Odessa, promised to make the region a “showcase of reform.” He has yet to make good on that promise.

  • Azerbaijan’s Perfect Storm
    • Tuesday, January 19, 2016

    Azerbaijan’s Perfect Storm

    Rising prices, a collapsing currency, international turbulence, and a nervous elite. Azerbaijan is starting 2016 in the middle of what looks like a perfect storm.


BA, Balliol College, University of Oxford

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