Revamping its Customs Union with Turkey is the only viable way for the EU to encourage rules-based economic and political reforms in the country and maintain engagement with Ankara.
Despite a deteriorating relationship, Brussels and Ankara will have to find a way to work together.
The Turkey-EU agenda should include a resilience action plan to improve the capacity of Turkish institutions and society to withstand—and eventually seek to roll back—challenges to democracy.
Turkey’s quandary will only be resolved by the country’s politicians and citizens. How much courage, consistency, and resilience they show will be of the essence.
EU leaders should use the next European Council summit to have a frank and sober discussion about Ankara’s future relationship with Europe.
A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
It is becoming harder by the day to make sense of the strategy behind Ankara’s domestic and foreign policy choices—assuming there is one at all.
Can Turkey’s divided political opposition mount a meaningful, unified challenge to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s political hegemony?
Twelve months on from Turkey’s coup attempt, Ankara is forging ahead with imposing a religious-conservative agenda on society, despite significant popular opposition.
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