If NATO is to remain effective, the security needs of its Southern neighborhood must be countered by a more sustainable and ambitious strategy.
While the EU is celebrating PESCO, Paris is preparing for closer defense cooperation outside the union.
Moscow is engaged in a hybrid war against the West. The West’s response amounts to muddling through.
NATO’s forward presence is meant to discourage Russia from escalating and to give Moscow reasons to seek a nonmilitary solution. Will this strategy succeed?
PESCO may be limited, but it’s not inconsequential. At minimum, the deal will put EU governments under fresh pressure to spend more on defense.
A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
The defense industry is a taboo in Germany. The new government should make it a strategic element of Berlin’s security policy.
If Italy and Poland developed a strategic consensus and acted accordingly, it would be a revolution for European defense.
As the alliance reembraces its commitment to territorial, collective defense, there are large hurdles standing in its way, not least the lack of a strategy toward Russia.
Russia’s annexation of Crimea and its invasion of eastern Ukraine unified NATO and prompted allies to beef up defenses. But the process of strengthening the alliance’s Eastern flank is far from over.