A new layer of ambitious small and midsize powers is emerging in the Middle East, representing a structural shift in the regional order and an opportunity for European diplomacy.
On an issue that should evoke broad support from Washington to Warsaw, the transatlantic partners have utterly failed to come up with a joint strategy.
Calls for non-Western forms of democracy have been around for many years but are now becoming louder and more ubiquitous. This trend can be expected to deepen as an integral element of the emerging post-Western world order.
Five years after the revolution, internal headwinds and regional whirlwinds continue to bedevil Tunisia, jeopardizing its democratic transition.
In its foreign policy toward North Africa and the Middle East, the EU is putting stability before human rights, as it did before the Arab Spring.
The EU’s timid insistence on political reform in Morocco coupled with unrelenting financial and diplomatic support might have removed the incentive for reforms.
Palestinians cannot fathom why European citizens’ support for Palestinian rights has advanced so much more in recent decades than official EU positions.
Germany’s decision to undercut its European partners on a refugee deal with Turkey has proved fatal for any hope of a consistent EU policy on the issue.
The EU should refrain from acting in Lebanon like a humanitarian NGOs and should behave instead like a serious power with effective sticks and carrots.
If European policymakers want to help stabilize and reorient Libya, they should recall the lessons of the five years since the country’s 2011 revolution.