German support for Russia’s planned expansion of the Nord Stream pipeline undermines Europe’s plans for energy diversification and energy security.
The European Commission cannot stop member states from concluding energy deals with questionable partners. But it can ensure such agreements respect EU law.
The EU’s Energy Union is the latest attempt to upgrade EU energy policy. However, the relationship between energy and foreign policy remains underdefined within the new framework.
The evolution of the oil intensity of the American and German economies, in conjunction with the carbon intensity of their oil use moving forward, offers many untapped opportunities for joint global leadership on oil governance in the twenty-first century.
A clutch of recent deals between Gazprom and German and Austrian energy companies shows how much Russia needs Europe and vice versa.
Energy dependence between the EU and Russia has increased mistrust between them, and energy has become an issue of national security for both sides.
The United States and the EU should identify tools and mechanisms to help manage the intersection of energy and security in the transatlantic context.
Six major European oil companies are seeking UN backing for a global carbon pricing framework. Policymakers should not let this opportunity go to waste.
Oil is changing. The oils themselves, how they are extracted and processed, and the products into which they are made are shifting in substantial ways.
The EU and the United States should focus more attention on how to include energy issues in the proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.