PESCO may be limited, but it’s not inconsequential. At minimum, the deal will put EU governments under fresh pressure to spend more on defense.
EU association deals with Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova have proven to be key drivers of reform in all three countries. The emphasis should now be on implementation, not simply legislative adoption.
The defense industry is a taboo in Germany. The new government should make it a strategic element of Berlin’s security policy.
Moscow has opted for a low-cost, opportunistic approach in the Western Balkans that shifts most of the burden to local actors.
The EU must reinvent itself if it is to survive. Citizens should play a greater role in decisionmaking, with the aim of making the union more flexible and more accountable.
Turkey’s quandary will only be resolved by the country’s politicians and citizens. How much courage, consistency, and resilience they show will be of the essence.
The EU’s commitment to a rules-based international order is hobbled by lack of strategy and political will by the member states.
Bashing the United States is no substitute for Europe’s strategic helplessness.
European companies are doing business in Iran, undeterred by Trump’s rhetoric. This is surely a reason for the United States to be concerned about its own future influence.