The fundamental driving force of the insurgency is not economic or tribal but political, and long-term stability in Afghanistan depends on creating an open, transparent process to renegotiate the political structure of the nation in a way that includes the insurgency without betraying the Afghan people.
On the sidelines of the international ministerial conference on January 28th, Afghan stakeholders as well as Western experts brought their insights to shape the debate on the future of Afghanistan.
At the international conference on Afghanistan in London, the international community should address the only issue that really matters for peace in Afghanistan: how to make the Taliban part of a lasting solution.
In a special live broadcast of the BBC’s prestigious The World Tonight, leading foreign policy experts assess President Obama's first year in office and the chief challenges that lie ahead: strengthening the nonproliferation regime, climate change, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Iran, and Afghanistan.
The Obama administration announced its new Afghanistan strategy, which asks European allies to send as many as 5,000 extra combat troops in support of a war which more than two-thirds of the European public believe is already lost.
European governments are finding it ever more difficult to convince their constituencies back home that a sustained European presence in Afghanistan is of critical importance to any sort of lasting peace.
The European Union’s Afghanistan policies are the result of two different and contradictory constituencies: the transatlantic one, consisting of the United States and its European interests, and, on the other end of the spectrum, local party activists, who view Afghanistan as an unnecessary and dangerous war.
One of the challenges President Barack Obama faces is leveraging his positive global appeal to develop an effective new framework for the promotion of democracy and human rights.
The reality is that many Afghans see Kabul as part of the problem, and a runoff election is unlikely to change that. If the new Afghan government is to earn public support, and NATO is to find a way out of Afghanistan, a civilian surge will be vital.
In his first major foreign policy address, NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, presented the basis for a new strategic partnership with Russia, laying out the specific areas where practical cooperation could be extended.