General EU foreign policy

The EU’s global climate and energy policies, Fride working paper, April 2013

Europe's trade strategy, Fride policy brief, March 2013, with John Springford

Reviving Global Europe, International Politics, July 2013

Europe’s Decline and Fall: The struggle against global irrelevance, Profile Books, 2010

Europe’s Role in Global Politics: A Retreat from Liberal Internationalism, Routledge, 2010

Energy Security: Europe's New Foreign Policy Challenge, Routledge, 2009

Fusing Security and Development: Another Euro-platitude?, Journal of European Integration, 30/3, 2008

Normative Dynamics and Strategic Interests in the EU's External Identity, Journal of Common Market Studies, 42/2, 2004

Middle East

Living with the Middle East’s old-new security paradigm, Fride policy brief, March 2013

Europe and the US in the Middle East: a convergence of partiality, Fride policy brief, March 2013, with Michele Dunne

Europe in the Reshaped Middle East, Book edited with Kristina Kausch, 2012

Funding Arab Reform? The EU's Development Aid achievements, GMF policy brief, August 2012

When gravity fails... Five futures for Euro-Mediterranean relations, Fride policy brief, April 2012

The EU and the Arab spring: from munificence to geo-strategy, Fride policy brief, 2011

What not to do in the Middle East and North Africa, Fride policy brief, 2011

After peace talks: what next for EU policy in Palestine?, Fride policy brief, February 2011

Europe, the Mediterranean and the Middle East: The Need for Triangulation, International Spectator, 45/3, 2010, with Ana Echagüe

The End of the Euro-Mediterranean Vision, International Affairs, 85/5, 2009, with Kristina Kausch

The Challenge of Islamist Radicalisation in the European Neighbourhood, CEPS, 2009, with Michael Emerson

Political Islam and the European Neighbourhood Policy, CEPS, 2007, with Michael Emerson

Europe and the Gulf: Strategic Neglect,  Studia Diplomatica, LX, 2007, with Ana Echagüe

Europe and the Middle East: In the Shadow of September 11, Lynne Reinner, 2006

International Democracy and the West: The Role of Governments, NGOs and Multinationals, Oxford University Press, 2004

The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: Assessing the First Decade, Elcano, 2005, with Haizam Amirah Fernández

The European Union and Democracy Promotion: The Case of North Africa, Frank Cass, 2002, with Richard Gillespie

The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy: Europe's Mediterranean and East Asian Policies, Oxford University Press, 2002

Democracy and democracy promotion

EU democracy promotion in the Eastern neighbourhood, Fride working paper, November 2012, with Natalia Shapovalova

The European Endowment for Democracy: will it fly?, Fride policy brief, May 2012, with Kinga Brudzinska

Will Rising Democracies Become International Democracy Supporters?, Carnegie working paper, 2011, with Thomas Carothers

EU human rights policy towards Russia, EP report, 2011, with Natalia Shapovalova

Misunderstanding the maladies of liberal democracy promotion, Fride working paper

Security through democracy: Between aspiration and pretence, Fride working paper, 2010

The end of democratic conditionality: good riddance?, Fride working paper, 2010

How to revitalise democracy assistance: Recipients' views, Fride working paper, 2010

European Democracy Promotion: A Critical Global Assessment, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010

Democracy’s New International Challenges, Routledge, 2009, with Peter Burnell

Democracy as External Governance?, Journal of European Public Policy, 16/6, 2009

The EU and Ukraine: A door neither open nor closed, International Politics, 46/4, 2009

Democracy’s Stagnation in the European Neighbourhood: Causes and Failing Responses, CEPS, 2009, with Michael Emerson

Trends in Democracy Assistance: What is Europe Doing?, Journal of Democracy, 19/2, 2008

Is Europe supporting democracy in its Neighbourhood?, FRIDE, 2008

Strategies for Democratic Change: Assessing the International Response, Democracy Coalition Project, 2006, with Ted Piccone

Survey of European Democracy Promotion Policies 2000-2006, FRIDE, 2006

Democratic Institution Building and Conflict Resolution: Emerging EU Approaches, International Peacekeeping, 11/3, 2004