The EU’s AI-cybersecurity ecosystem remains highly fragmented. To realize its technological leadership ambitions, the bloc must connect the dots between its myriad initiatives, processes, and stakeholders.
The promotion of the rule of law across borders should be implemented based on clear and objective standards, and distinguished from state-building exercises.
Democracy support organizations are struggling to maintain operations in states with hostile environments. They need to reassess their approach in such countries and seek to address the political drivers of repression.
As the EU begins a new cycle of its aid programs, it must place democracy at the center of its development policy.
Contrary to widespread assertions, the Russian invasion of Ukraine has not given birth to a fundamental geopolitical shift in EU external action.
Russia's invasion of Ukraine will sharpen the divide between democracies and autocracies, but also lead to more realpolitik strategic balancing. A key question is what kind of coordination emerges between democracies.
Water scarcity threatens the political, social, economic, and environmental stability of Iran. The European Union can help by trailblazing a new form of diplomacy that integrates climate action, cultural exchange, and technological cooperation.
In Turkey, green protests can go beyond environmental issues and include demands for more inclusive and transparent governance. But while climate activism can help keep the opposition alive, the country’s democratic future is still in question.
The accession of Western Balkan countries to the EU has stalled due to issues within the union as well as in the region itself. Renewed commitment on both sides is needed to break the current impasse.
EU integration has been propelled by both treaty change and improvised action. To continue to adapt and respond in this era of crises, the union should adopt limited treaty amendments that implement the conclusions reached at the Conference on the Future of Europe.
The Conference on the Future of Europe represented a positive first step in the innovation of European democracy. Policymakers will need to use the experience as a catalyst for broader change, well beyond the kind of citizen engagement pioneered during the conference.
The European Union must adapt its play from fair-weather conditions to great power competition. A more effective foreign policy requires changes to the bloc’s decisionmaking processes and institutional arrangements.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine strengthens the geostrategic case for the EU offering a membership perspective to Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova. But it also calls for a more political approach to accession.
The dependence of automated vehicles on software exposes them to significant cybersecurity challenges. To fundamentally change transportation in the twenty-first century in a safe and secure way, AVs must place cyber at the center of their risk management.
Longstanding European democracies have suffered troubling erosions to individual rights and freedoms in recent years due to pandemic countermeasures and a host of other reasons.
Informal civil society initiatives have expanded in recent years, leading to more fluid and less hierarchical forms of civic participation. To effectively boost European democracy, these groups must deepen and solidify without moving toward formalization.
As centers of economic activity, cities have the power to drive the systemic change needed in today’s climate-disrupted word. Kate Raworth’s Doughnut model offers a valuable, albeit flawed, tool to transform democracies so that they may advance climate action.
With accession talks at an impasse, Turkey and the EU need another way to revitalize their relationship.
The EU’s pursuit of a single European defense market necessitates stronger democratic oversight. Members of the European Parliament and national legislative bodies should play a more proactive role as watchdog and engage in strategic foresight and planning.
Tunisia’s democratic crisis is also a reflection of the EU’s weak and fragmented commitment to the country. The EU should encourage a return to democracy by alleviating Tunisia’s economic struggles, spurring political reforms, and pressuring regional partners to stop meddling in Tunisian affairs.