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  • Commentary

    For Foreign Policy Innovation, Dare Look at Public Transport in Germany

    With more than 52 million tickets sold, the measure provided direct financial relief to citizens, to the point where it effectively lowered Germany’s inflation rate between June and August when the offer was valid.

  • For Foreign Policy Innovation, Dare Look at Public Transport in Germany

    • October 18, 2022

    German’s nation-wide public transportation ticket in the summer of 2022 offered access to the entire country for just nine euros. The project, and its understanding of interdepartmental coordination and citizen engagement, might serve as a model for foreign policy innovation.

  • Research

    The EU and the Creative and Destructive Impact of Crises

    Crises have proven to be a necessary driver for the development of European integration, but they haven’t always led to a strengthened union. While the consequence of each challenge must be analyzed on a case-by-case basis, the element of solidarity among EU member states is crucial.

  • Research

    Responding to Foreign Interference in the EU: Beware of Unintended Consequences

    • Lukas Harth, Florian Kriener, Jonas Wolff
    • October 12, 2022

    External interference in the West’s domestic affairs has prompted the European Parliament to consider tightening restrictions on foreign funding and individuals. The EU must tackle this challenge without eroding civic spaces or limiting support for civil society.

  • Commentary

    Democratic Quality of States is Diminishing

    • October 12, 2022
    • Civil Georgia

    The democratic quality of states, including those in the West, have been declining as of late. More effective diplomatic engagement and political support from the international community may help where governments enforce restrictions on civil society.

  • Research

    Kenya’s Watershed Election: Implications for EU Policy

    • Andrew Songa, Lidet Tadesse Shiferaw
    • October 06, 2022

    Kenya’s electoral process and democratic progress offer lessons for other countries in the Horn of Africa. However, further reforms are needed to strengthen the judiciary, enhance women’s political representation, and support civic spaces.

  • Commentary

    For Bulgaria, Borissov’s Comeback Is No Path to Stability

    Bulgaria's general election should have identified whether voters were willing tolerate state capture and corruption. The return of Boyko Borissov demonstrates the resilience of the status quo, which relies on a shaky coalition that includes kleptocrats, oligarchs, opportunists and far-right populists.

  • Commentary

    Erdogan’s Relationship With Putin is Part of His Game

    Turkey’s positioning as the antithesis of European values, as well as its relationship with Russia, should raise questions about Ankara’s presence in the proposed European Political Community. The EU must not abandon its own principles and convictions in the name of realpolitik.

  • Commentary

    How Significant is Labour’s Poll Surge?

    The contrast between the different polls predicting Labour versus Conservative electoral support is significant, making it difficult to determine how much of a chance the latter has of regaining ground. However, it is likely that the Tories will not recover enough to avoid defeat.

  • Commentary

    How a Far-Right Victory in Italy Might Ripple Through the EU

    The composition of Giorgia Meloni’s government will be an important signal.

  • Commentary

    A Democratic Roadmap for Ukraine

    International support for Ukraine thus far has focused on immediate priorities. While supplying weapons, sanctioning Russia, and adjusting energy prices are of great importance, a longer-term vision is also needed to ensure a better future for Ukraine.

  • Commentary

    Why Labour Should Back Electoral Reform

    Reform of the UK's electoral system is on the agenda at the Labour Party conference. While voting for such change could seal Labour's fate, the use of proportional representation to elect members of parliament is better suited for today's political landscape.

  • Commentary

    A Meloni-Led Government Need Not Spell Disaster for Italy’s Institutions

    The likely electoral victory of a right-wing coalition in Italy raises fears in Europe, especially for the country’s democratic resilience. Although democracy will remain intact, economic stability and civil rights could still be undermined.

  • Research

    The Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity Nexus: Taking Stock of the European Union’s Approach

    The EU’s AI-cybersecurity ecosystem remains highly fragmented. To realize its technological leadership ambitions, the bloc must connect the dots between its myriad initiatives, processes, and stakeholders.

  • Commentary

    The Surprising Potential of King Charles’s Reign

    The UK’s constitution won’t change, but he could subtly influence policy in one specific area.

  • Commentary

    The EU’s Hegemonic Imaginaries: From European Strategic Autonomy in Defense to Technological Sovereignty

    Once limited to the state level, terms like “strategic autonomy” and “sovereignty” are now commonly used in the supranational EU context, including in the field of defence, tech, and digital. The meaning of these terms is not yet fixed but rather articulated via hegemonic interventions across various interconnected policy fields.

  • Research

    Five Lessons on International Rule of Law Support

    • Alina Mungiu-Pippidi
    • September 06, 2022

    The promotion of the rule of law across borders should be implemented based on clear and objective standards, and distinguished from state-building exercises.

  • Research

    Rising Hostility to Democracy Support: Can It Be Countered?

    Democracy support organizations are struggling to maintain operations in states with hostile environments. They need to reassess their approach in such countries and seek to address the political drivers of repression.

  • Commentary

    COVID-19 and Democratic Resilience

    The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the democratic backsliding that has been unfolding worldwide for a decade. Democratic reform must be advanced at the international level and enhanced in a regional framework.

  • Commentary

    No, Of Course Boris Johnson Didn’t Get Brexit Done

    Prime Minister Boris Johnson would like his legacy to be that of a successful Brexit, but most voters reject his claim. The war in Ukraine and the cost-of-living crisis has provided a vivid test of Britain's inability to 'take back control' in order to protect people from the vicissitudes of events abroad.


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