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  • Research

    Green Democracy in Europe

    Numerous—sometimes competing—forms of democratic engagement have tried to answer the rallying cry for climate action. If harmonized, initiatives including depoliticized democracy, climate assemblies, and protest movements can bring Europe closer to green democracy.

  • Commentary

    It's Not All About Populism

    Despite increased threats to civil liberties, judicial independence, and civil society over the past decade, efforts to defend and rethink Europe’s democratic practices have also surged. To maintain this momentum and ultimately reverse democratic erosion, a more ambitious agenda of political reform is required.

  • Research

    How Syria Changed Turkey’s Foreign Policy

    In a bid to gain political ground at home, Ankara has launched multiple military operations in Syria. These have laid the groundwork for a more aggressive, nationalist foreign policy with profound implications for relations with the United States, Russia, and the EU.

  • Research

    Strengthening Democracy Support in Regimes With Dominant Parties

    The rise of dominant political parties contributes to the resurgence of authoritarianism and impedes democracy support. Paying greater attention to party support and talks, elections, and direct activism in countries such as Georgia, Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Zimbabwe will advance sound governance and democracy.

  • Commentary

    Looking Beyond Iran to the Persian Gulf

    Germany and Europe should not focus solely on the Iran nuclear file. Instead, they should develop a coherent and comprehensive approach to regional security that includes securing maritime routes and investing in environmental cooperation.

  • Commentary

    Updating the Global Refugee Regime

    The 1951 Refugee Convention is no longer suitable for today. Increased funding, strengthened enforcement mechanisms, and a new definition of refugee will help bring the global regime into the 21st century.

  • Research

    The EU’s Rise as a Defense Technological Power: From Strategic Autonomy to Technological Sovereignty

    As part of the EU’s strategic autonomy, the concept of technological sovereignty has risen in importance. What steps can Europe take to grow its technological capacity?

  • Research

    Redefining the U.S.-Turkey Relationship

    To fix their troubled relationship, the United States and Turkey should take gradual, concrete steps that build confidence and focus on common agendas.

  • Research

    The Orthodox Church in Georgia’s Changing Society

    Georgia’s Orthodox Church was critical to the formation of the country’s identity and restoration of lost statehood in the 1990s. Today, Georgia must reconcile its conservative views with its ambitions for European integration.

  • Research

    Collective Security in the Persian Gulf: Preparing for an Opening

    Europe must be ready to support the creation of a regional mechanism for collective security in the Persian Gulf when the opportunity arises. Launching initial talks on concrete issues such as maritime security and nuclear safety would be a good first step toward conflict de-escalation and confidence-building.

  • Commentary

    The EU and Climate Security: Toward Ecological Diplomacy

    To fulfill its ambition of becoming an effective geopolitical power, the EU should place ecological security and diplomacy at the heart of its foreign and security policy. This approach should entail practical and innovative strategies that pursue systemic regeneration at home and abroad.

  • Research

    Vaccine Geopolitics and the EU’s Ailing Credibility in the Western Balkans

    • Ana E. Juncos
    • July 08, 2021

    The coronavirus pandemic has strained the EU’s efforts to promote democracy. Nowhere is this clearer than in the Western Balkans, where China and Russia have used vaccine diplomacy to strengthen their roles in the region.

  • Commentary

    Unanswered Questions From Biden’s European Tour

    U.S. President Joe Biden left Europe escorted by a flurry of positive comments. And rightly so—his European visit was a success. But it has left Washington’s European partners with unanswered questions about how to reinvigorate the liberal democratic model.

  • Commentary

    What Iran's New President Means for Europe

    Eight years of European thinking that Tehran could be a partner will end when hardliner Ebrahim Raisi becomes Iran’s next president. The EU should update its approach to the Persian Gulf by going beyond the nuclear file and focusing on regional security.

  • Commentary

    Preparing the CSDP for the New Security Environment Created by Climate Change

    • Christoph Meyer, Francesca Vantaggiato, Richard Youngs
    • June 21, 2021
    • European Parliament

    Climate change will increase the potential for humanitarian crises and instability. To strengthen the EU's capacity to prevent conflict and manage crises, climate security should be integrated into the Common Security and Defense Policy.

  • Research

    Central European Support for Democracy: New Drivers and Challenges

    • Kinga Brudzinska
    • June 17, 2021

    To reap the benefits of being valuable partners in promoting democracy abroad, the Visegrad Four countries must address democratic backsliding at home, improve coordination among themselves, and make bigger financial commitments.

  • Research

    Russia’s Ambitious Military-Geostrategic Posture in the Mediterranean

    Russia’s steady development of military capabilities on the ground, in the air, and at sea has enhanced its overall military posture in the region. This experience, and lack of resistance from NATO, is likely to enhance Russia’s military posture and ambitions outside the Mediterranean.

  • Commentary

    How Biden and Erdogan Can End the Turkish-American Standoff

    Despite unpromising circumstances, Presidents Biden and Erdogan can begin to improve U.S.-Turkey relations by first addressing and resolving the issue of the S-400 missile defense system.

  • Research

    Georgia’s Minorities: Breaking Down Barriers to Integration

    Ethno-nationalist tendencies dating back to the Soviet period have alienated Georgia’s ethnic minority groups. Integrating them into the country’s political, economic, and cultural life is essential for successful nation-building in Georgia.

  • Research

    Russia’s Posture in the Mediterranean: Implications for NATO and Europe

    Russia’s activities in the Mediterranean have created new challenges for Europe’s energy interests and NATO’s defense architecture. Today’s transatlantic efforts should focus on NATO’s policy in the region, the Russia-Turkey relationship, and multilateral conflict resolution in Libya and Syria.

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