North Macedonia’s access to the EU has been opposed by Bulgaria due to historical disputes. The bloc should help Sofia and Skopje to shift their focus to more practical concerns, such as trade, infrastructure, telecommunications, and energy.
Following Boris Johnson's resignation, his successor must work to rebuild the Conservative party's reputation and rediscover its purpose ahead of the next UK general election.
Unlike Ukraine and Moldova who have been given candidate status, Georgia has been offered a much weaker offer of EU membership perspective. Despite the best efforts of the country’s protestors, the Georgian dream government is unlikely to back down and meet these demands any time soon.
In Turkey, green protests can go beyond environmental issues and include demands for more inclusive and transparent governance. But while climate activism can help keep the opposition alive, the country’s democratic future is still in question.
The agreement that settled the name dispute between (North) Macedonia and Greece is considered a major success for the EU. European institutions helped resolve a domestic political crisis in Skopje and facilitated the handover of power to a government willing to compromise with Athens.
In this era of geopolitical competition, Europe believes it offers an approach based upon multilateralism and international solidarity. To convince others of this viable alternative, Europe must better understand perceptions in the Global South and improve its own international standing.
Ukraine should view EU accession as a long-term project. Joining the union has become increasingly harder, lengthier, and more mired with obstacles.
Although the Conservatives suffered a defeat in the byelections, the race for the next general election remains open. Data points and trends from past elections indicate that Labour's victory is far from certain.
Responsible for 95 percent of international communications and data traffic, submarine cables are the backbone of the digital era. To mitigate security threats, governments must prioritize the security and resilience of this critical infrastructure.
The accession of Western Balkan countries to the EU has stalled due to issues within the union as well as in the region itself. Renewed commitment on both sides is needed to break the current impasse.
Innovative forms of deliberative and participatory democracy from outside the West can inspire reform in European states.
EU integration has been propelled by both treaty change and improvised action. To continue to adapt and respond in this era of crises, the union should adopt limited treaty amendments that implement the conclusions reached at the Conference on the Future of Europe.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine has dramatically altered the security and defense architecture of Europe. It also has the potential to reshape democracy support policies, changing practices of defending and extending democratic values and of interactions with autocratic states.
The war in Ukraine has given impetus to a new round of EU enlargement. Concerns about corruption, stagnation, and democratic backsliding tendencies may hamper the union's response but engagement with Ukraine, Moldova, and Georgia must be sustained.
Despite the positive vote of confidence for Boris Johnson, public distrust of the British prime minister will negatively affect his party. To save face, the Conservative party should remove Johnson and replace him with a leader who is regarded as honest and competent.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s negative stance toward Finland and Sweden joining NATO jeopardizes further enlargement of the alliance amid great geopolitical insecurity. Breaking this stalemate will require a compromise from all sides.
Peace talks involving Armenia and Azerbaijan appear to be proceeding favorably with the mediation of the European Union. In spite of this breakthrough, questions remain regarding the role of Russia and the OSCE Minsk Group, as well as for the Armenians of Nagorny Karabakh.
Russia's setbacks in Ukraine have limited its capacity to project power in its neighborhood. With the EU as the main mediator between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the two sides should use this chance to seek an elusive peace.
Clashes between Turkey and the PKK have recently intensified. By ramping up confrontation with the Kurdish armed movement in Syria and Iraq, Turkish President Erdogan is likely to improve his chances of reelection in 2023.
The move to block Finland’s and Sweden’s bids threatens the relationship between Ankara and the West.