The EU is struggling to project a cohesive foreign policy voice. Sixteen experts analyze what Europe’s foreign policy priorities should be in 2021 and what the EU should do to bolster its strategic ambitions.
While strategic autonomy seems firmly set to guide EU foreign policy, it carries significant risks—especially for democratic values. If it takes autonomy too far, the EU may find itself less able to advance, and achieve, its foreign policy goals.
The EU is changing its internal rules for allocating funds to avoid bankrolling authoritarianism. It should do the same for its external aid.
The EU can engage and show solidarity with protesters against the Lukashenko regime in Belarus by providing its civil society with coaching, technology transfers, and financial resources.
EU defense integration has been plagued by the issue of sovereignty and progress in high-end capability development has moved at a snail’s pace. What is needed is a clear, overarching strategic vision for European security and defense.
In a region where every aspect of daily life is affected by the war, the degree of trust in local authorities in the Donbas will be a crucial factor in shaping the future.
A return to transatlantic cooperation on the Iran nuclear deal will require trust, a thorough understanding of the shifting power dynamics in the Middle East, and Europe's desire and capacity to drive diplomacy forward.
2030 will be a milestone for the Turkish president, who faces crucial elections and the Republic's centennial celebration. As he ramps up his charm offensive, Europe must be careful not to abdicate its values and interests.
Donbas is at the intersection of geopolitical, territorial, and cultural conflicts. These tensions are reflected in deep divisions in attitudes about the war and their future territorial status.
The November 2020 ceasefire agreement halted the war over Nagorny Karabakh, but a sustainable peace agreement remains far from reach. By providing economic support and fostering dialogue and reconciliation, international actors can play a role in this long-term project.
The EU and the United States are seeking to redefine their respective partnerships outside the transatlantic framework while pledging cooperation when it comes to global issues. The key question is, will it work?
Middle-power democracies should not tread water while waiting for the United States to address its own democratic crisis. They must help revamp global democracy support using their comparative strengths.
Brussels seems to have put business interests before democratic values and security realities at a time when the West and Beijing are competing to vaccinate the world against coronavirus.
Since August 2020, hundreds of thousands have taken to the street in Belarus to oppose Alexander Lukashenko’s regime. A new survey of 2,000 Belarusians reveals their attitudes toward the ongoing protests.
Although the European External Action Service’s defense competencies have received less attention than its foreign policy goals, its continued organizational innovation and reinforced supranational mechanisms have had a positive impact in bridging the gap between policy and security.
The European External Action Service has often been criticized for its inability to implement a genuine <em>espirit de corps</em>. To improve institutional morale, the EEAS must resolve the issues that have thus far prevented it from inventing its own brand of diplomacy.
As Turkey has increased its military and economic influence over the past decade, relations with the West have become strained. Both sides will have to bend if Ankara and Washington are to work together again.
The securitization of EU aid in the Middle East and North Africa has engendered fierce debates about the way that European funds are used in the region, which has led the EU to strike a number of uneasy balances.
Russia and the United States will increasingly face disruptions such as droughts, fires, floods, and hurricanes. Climate change will either become just another topic of discord or an area of proactive cooperation.
Some European governments have curtailed core democratic freedoms, at times going beyond necessary pandemic precautions. But civil society is holding these restrictions in check.