Europe

    • Strategic Europe

    Merkel’s Silence Over Defense Will Haunt Her Successor

    Germany’s next chancellor will have to finally define Berlin’s security and defense interests. That means addressing the future of U.S. nuclear weapons stationed in the country and the desperate need to modernize Germany’s armed forces.

    • Op-Ed

    It's Not All About Populism

    Despite increased threats to civil liberties, judicial independence, and civil society over the past decade, efforts to defend and rethink Europe’s democratic practices have also surged. To maintain this momentum and ultimately reverse democratic erosion, a more ambitious agenda of political reform is required.

    • Strategic Europe

    Judy Asks: Will the Afghanistan Debacle Change Your Country’s Foreign and Security Policy?

    The chaotic U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan has left European capitals skeptical about such missions and critical of American leadership. The debacle should lead to frank discussions about NATO’s role and the EU’s defense ambitions.

    • Paper

    How Syria Changed Turkey’s Foreign Policy

    In a bid to gain political ground at home, Ankara has launched multiple military operations in Syria. These have laid the groundwork for a more aggressive, nationalist foreign policy with profound implications for relations with the United States, Russia, and the EU.

    • Strategic Europe

    Germany’s Vote Should Set the Pace for Europe

    This German federal election is crucial for Europe’s future. Angela Merkel’s successor has the choice of leading Europe toward more integration and strategic relevance or abetting its gradual, inexorable decline.

    • Strategic Europe

    Georgian Democracy Is Dying By a Thousand Cuts

    For Georgia’s ruling party, regime survival seems to trump all other considerations. Georgian Dream’s fight with Western partners and persistent political polarization risk undoing the country’s democratic progress.

    • Looking Beyond Iran to the Persian Gulf

      Germany and Europe should not focus solely on the Iran nuclear file. Instead, they should develop a coherent and comprehensive approach to regional security that includes securing maritime routes and investing in environmental cooperation.

      • Strategic Europe

      Afghanistan Will Not Make Europe a Defense Player

      Blaming NATO and the United States for the West’s failure in Afghanistan won’t help Europe establish a credible security and defense policy. Its continued absence leaves the EU’s citizens and neighborhoods vulnerable.

      • Strategic Europe

      Judy Asks: Should the West Talk to the Taliban?

      Western governments must be clear that any eventual engagement with the Taliban will have strict conditions, including respect for women’s rights. Speaking to the Taliban leadership should not be equated with legitimizing the new regime.

      • Strategic Europe

      The Message of Merkel’s Last Official Visits to Russia and Ukraine

      The German chancellor’s legacy with regard to Russia and Ukraine is mixed, if not contradictory. Still, her successor is unlikely to show the same level of interest, commitment, or clout in their relations with Kiev and Moscow.

    Carnegie Experts on
    Carnegie.ru Commentary

    • expert thumbnail - Adebahr
      Cornelius Adebahr
      Nonresident Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Adebahr is a nonresident fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on foreign and security policy, in particular regarding Iran and the Persian Gulf, on European and transatlantic affairs, and on citizens’ engagement.
    • expert thumbnail - Balfour
      Rosa Balfour
      Director
      Carnegie Europe
      Rosa Balfour is director of Carnegie Europe. Her fields of expertise include European politics, institutions, and foreign and security policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Carragher
      Allison Carragher
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Allison Carragher is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where she specializes in economic engagement in the Western Balkans and countries of the former Yugoslavia.
    • expert thumbnail - Csernatoni
      Raluca Csernatoni
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Raluca Csernatoni is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where she works on European security and defense with a specific focus on disruptive technologies.
    • expert thumbnail - de Waal
      Thomas de Waal
      Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      De Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.
    • expert thumbnail - Dempsey
      Judy Dempsey
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Editor in chief
      Strategic Europe
      Dempsey is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie Europe and editor in chief of Strategic Europe.
    • expert thumbnail - Kellner
      Peter Kellner
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Kellner is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on Brexit, populism, and electoral democracy.
    • expert thumbnail - Lehne
      Stefan Lehne
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
    • expert thumbnail - Pierini
      Marc Pierini
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.
    • expert thumbnail - Sasse
      Gwendolyn Sasse
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Sasse is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie Europe. Her research focuses on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, EU enlargement, and comparative democratization.
    • expert thumbnail - Siccardi
      Francesco Siccardi
      Senior Program Manager
      Francesco Siccardi is a senior program manager at Carnegie Europe.
    • expert thumbnail - Ülgen
      Sinan Ülgen
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Vimont
      Pierre Vimont
      Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Vimont is a senior fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on the European Neighborhood Policy, transatlantic relations, and French foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Youngs
      Richard Youngs
      Senior Fellow
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Richard Youngs is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.

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