De Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.
Tom de Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.
He is the author of numerous publications about the region. His latest book is Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2015). He is also the author of the authoritative book on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War (NYU Press, second edition 2013), which has been translated into Armenian, Azeri, Russian, and Turkish, and of The Caucasus: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2010).
De Waal has worked extensively as a journalist and writer in the Caucasus and Black Sea region and in Russia. From 1993 to 1997, he worked in Moscow for the Moscow Times, the Times of London, and the Economist, specializing in Russian politics and the situation in Chechnya. He is the co-author (with Carlotta Gall) of the book Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus (NYU Press, 1997), for which the authors were awarded the James Cameron Prize for Distinguished Reporting.
He has also worked for the BBC and for the Institute for War and Peace Reporting, a London-based NGO.
Moscow’s recognition of both Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states in 2008 has benefited no one—including the two territories and Russia itself.
The forgotten war in eastern Ukraine is intensifying again.
Armenia’s new prime minister has so far taken a tough stance on the unresolved Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan. The moribund Karabakh peace process needs shaking up—but not too much.
Outgoing President Serzh Sargsyan is likely to remain Armenia’s de facto leader when constitutional changes soon kick in. Sargsyan has diversified Armenia’s economy and foreign policy. Will he continue that trend?
A mood of realism around the Transdniestria conflict, supported by Russia, is leading to areas of de facto integration. The Moldovan government is cautious, but this is an opportunity for more international engagement.
Five years after he was detained, the authority of Azerbaijan’s best-known political prisoner is growing.
Kyiv politics is making the humanitarian problems of eastern Ukraine even worse.
Tbilisi and Moscow are on the verge of finalizing a transit agreement they initially made in 2011. But political fears could still sink the deal, and its big economic benefits.
After twenty-five years of conflict, nothing good will come from perpetuating Abkhazia’s isolation. Bolder EU engagement in the disputed territory is required.
Bessarabia is a remote multiethnic region in the southwestern corner of Ukraine. But with its peculiarities, it can be considered as a more extreme version of Ukraine as a whole.