China’s presence has brought socioeconomic opportunities to Georgia, Greece, Hungary, and Romania. Yet it has exacerbated governance shortfalls, undermined elements of political and economic stability, and complicated the European Union’s ability to reach consensus on key issues.
In a bid to gain political ground at home, Ankara has launched multiple military operations in Syria. These have laid the groundwork for a more aggressive, nationalist foreign policy with profound implications for relations with the United States, Russia, and the EU.
Russia’s steady development of military capabilities on the ground, in the air, and at sea has enhanced its overall military posture in the region. This experience, and lack of resistance from NATO, is likely to enhance Russia’s military posture and ambitions outside the Mediterranean.
The EU’s hollow statements expressing “concern” over the latest Israeli-Palestinian conflagration will not deter either party. Unless the Europeans use what little leverage they have, they can forget about having a strategic role in the region.
The renewed fighting between Israel and Hamas should be a catalyst for ending the unsustainable status quo in the region. Negotiating a ceasefire and rebuilding trust will require an immense diplomatic effort by the United States and regional actors.
The securitization of EU aid in the Middle East and North Africa has engendered fierce debates about the way that European funds are used in the region, which has led the EU to strike a number of uneasy balances.
Judy Dempsey will be joined by Riccardo Alcaro, Tanja A. Börzel, and Linas Linkevičius for a discussion on the challenges and opportunities in the EU’s eastern and southern neighborhoods and the opportunities that the new Biden administration will bring about in the region.
Humanity’s response to the climate crisis is reproducing the same logic that created it. The history of the Middle East and the Arab Spring foretell our global future: ignore ecological integrity at your peril.
The rollout of coronavirus vaccines across Europe is imminent. But the EU should seize the opportunity to also share the vaccines with Africa, which would boost mutual trust and the EU’s soft power.
Faced with the dilemma of democracy versus stability, recent events in France and Belarus show the need to reconcile human rights and interests.