Turkey’s Transformation

  • Commentary

    Erdogan’s Relationship With Putin is Part of His Game

    Turkey’s positioning as the antithesis of European values, as well as its relationship with Russia, should raise questions about Ankara’s presence in the proposed European Political Community. The EU must not abandon its own principles and convictions in the name of realpolitik.

  • Multimedia

    The Erdogan-Putin Duet: Who Has the Upper Hand?

    Ankara’s relationship with Moscow is becoming directly linked to his bid to win the Turkish elections in 2023. Meanwhile, a disruptive Turkey within NATO and President Erdogan’s continued balancing act with the Kremlin offer Putin a strategic advantage.

  • Research

    Will Green Activism Save Turkey’s Democracy?

    In Turkey, green protests can go beyond environmental issues and include demands for more inclusive and transparent governance. But while climate activism can help keep the opposition alive, the country’s democratic future is still in question.

  • Commentary

    Why Turkey Is Imperiling NATO Enlargement

    Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s negative stance toward Finland and Sweden joining NATO jeopardizes further enlargement of the alliance amid great geopolitical insecurity. Breaking this stalemate will require a compromise from all sides.

  • Commentary

    Why Has Erdogan Ramped Up Turkey’s Clash With the PKK?

    Clashes between Turkey and the PKK have recently intensified. By ramping up confrontation with the Kurdish armed movement in Syria and Iraq, Turkish President Erdogan is likely to improve his chances of reelection in 2023.

  • Commentary

    Two Turkey Experts on Why Erdoğan Is Rejecting NATO Expansion

    The move to block Finland’s and Sweden’s bids threatens the relationship between Ankara and the West.

  • Commentary

    European “Lessons” for Turkey

    Recent elections in Europe may provide Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan with useful examples on how to undermine the integrity of the country’s democratic processes. These include the use of disinformation, media blackouts, and state resources to advantage the incumbent party.

  • Commentary

    Turkey’s Response to the War in Ukraine

    Given Turkey’s fears of Russian aggression, as well as the opportunity the invasion provides for Ankara to reassert itself as a diplomatic heavyweight, Erdogan’s motives to play intermediary between Kyiv and Moscow are clear. However, the odds of success in these negotiations are mixed at best.

  • Event

    Erdoğan’s Turkey Explained

    Since coming to power in 2002, Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has overseen a radical transformation of the country. The panelists will analyze the political trajectory of Erdoğan’s regime, discuss the current state of affairs, and look ahead to Turkey’s 2023 presidential election.

    • September 05, 2022
    • The Greek Current
    Marc Pierini
    The Erdogan-Putin Duet: Who Has the Upper Hand?
    Watch Now >
    • January 04, 2022
    • France24
    Sinan Ülgen
    Erdogan’s Gamble: What’s Behind Turkey’s Soaring Inflation?
    Watch Now >
    • April 23, 2021
    • The World
    Thomas de Waal
    Biden Expected to Recognize Armenian Genocide
    Watch Now >

In a complex, changing, and increasingly contested world, the Carnegie Endowment generates strategic ideas and independent analysis, supports diplomacy, and trains the next generation of international scholar-practitioners to help countries and institutions take on the most difficult global problems and safeguard peace. Join our mailing list to become part of our network of more than 150 scholars in 20 countries.

Subscribe Today

Sign up to receive emails from Carnegie!

Please note

You are leaving the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy's website and entering another Carnegie global site.