Europe’s Foreign Policy

    • Strategic Europe

    Europe’s Looming Unpredictable Autumn

    There will be no respite when European leaders return from a summer break punctuated by floods, cyber attacks, coronavirus, and challenges to the EU’s rule of law. All the more reason for them to explain to citizens what is at stake for Europe’s future.*

    • Article

    Collective Security in the Persian Gulf: Preparing for an Opening

    Europe must be ready to support the creation of a regional mechanism for collective security in the Persian Gulf when the opportunity arises. Launching initial talks on concrete issues such as maritime security and nuclear safety would be a good first step toward conflict de-escalation and confidence-building.

    • Strategic Europe

    The Europe Angela Merkel Leaves Behind

    Chancellor Merkel’s last official visit to the White House holds a special political significance. President Biden has placed human rights and rule of law at the top of his agenda, just as these values are under attack from within and outside Europe.

    • The EU and Climate Security: Toward Ecological Diplomacy

      To fulfill its ambition of becoming an effective geopolitical power, the EU should place ecological security and diplomacy at the heart of its foreign and security policy. This approach should entail practical and innovative strategies that pursue systemic regeneration at home and abroad.

      • Commentary

      Unanswered Questions From Biden’s European Tour

      U.S. President Joe Biden left Europe escorted by a flurry of positive comments. And rightly so—his European visit was a success. But it has left Washington’s European partners with unanswered questions about how to reinvigorate the liberal democratic model.

      • Strategic Europe

      How the EU Can Engage Russian Civil Society

      The European Union must ensure the survival of Russian civil society that is now subject to unprecedented repression. It also needs a strategy to respond quickly in case a narrow window of opportunity for democratic change opens in Russia.

      • What Iran's New President Means for Europe

        Eight years of European thinking that Tehran could be a partner will end when hardliner Ebrahim Raisi becomes Iran’s next president. The EU should update its approach to the Persian Gulf by going beyond the nuclear file and focusing on regional security.

        • Strategic Europe

        Russia-Europe Relations Depend on Moscow Confronting the Past

        A defining feature of Russia’s leadership is the refusal to deal with the country’s Stalinist past. Until the Kremlin stops whitewashing history, a politically stable relationship between Europe and Russia cannot exist.

        • Strategic Europe

        Iran’s New President Means Headache and Opportunity for Europe

        With the election of a hardliner as Iranian president, eight years of European thinking that Tehran could be a partner will come to an end. It’s time for the EU to address not only the nuclear file but also regional security threats.

        • Strategic Europe

        The EU-U.S. Summit Is a Test for New Transatlantic Cooperation

        The Americans and Europeans have to reconcile their differences in dealing with authoritarian regimes. This is an immense challenge facing these democracies.

      Carnegie Experts on
      Europe’s Foreign Policy

      • expert thumbnail - Adebahr
        Cornelius Adebahr
        Nonresident Fellow
        Carnegie Europe
        Adebahr is a nonresident fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on foreign and security policy, in particular regarding Iran and the Persian Gulf, on European and transatlantic affairs, and on citizens’ engagement.
      • expert thumbnail - Balfour
        Rosa Balfour
        Carnegie Europe
        Rosa Balfour is director of Carnegie Europe. Her fields of expertise include European politics, institutions, and foreign and security policy.
      • expert thumbnail - Dempsey
        Judy Dempsey
        Nonresident Senior Fellow
        Carnegie Europe
        Editor in chief
        Strategic Europe
        Dempsey is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie Europe and editor in chief of Strategic Europe.
      • expert thumbnail - Kellner
        Peter Kellner
        Visiting Scholar
        Carnegie Europe
        Kellner is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on Brexit, populism, and electoral democracy.
      • expert thumbnail - Lehne
        Stefan Lehne
        Visiting Scholar
        Carnegie Europe
        Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
      • expert thumbnail - Pierini
        Marc Pierini
        Visiting Scholar
        Carnegie Europe
        Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.
      • expert thumbnail - Ülgen
        Sinan Ülgen
        Visiting Scholar
        Carnegie Europe
        Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.
      • expert thumbnail - Vimont
        Pierre Vimont
        Senior Fellow
        Carnegie Europe
        Vimont is a senior fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on the European Neighborhood Policy, transatlantic relations, and French foreign policy.
      • expert thumbnail - Youngs
        Richard Youngs
        Senior Fellow
        Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
        Richard Youngs is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.

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