The Mediterranean has gradually become the epicenter of the most dramatic policy challenges confronting the EU—challenges that, if left unchecked, will have far-reaching consequences.
Ankara faces a number of foreign policy challenges, from the war in Syria to relations with the West. In each case, Turkey’s options are determined by domestic priorities.
Turkish military intervention in Syria can succeed, however completion of the Al-Bab campaign against the self-proclaimed Islamic State will take time.
The European Union is no longer wedded to transforming its Eastern and Southern neighbors. Stabilization is the new priority.
Following the election of Donald Trump as U.S. president, it falls to the Europeans to defend the international agreement on Iran’s nuclear program.
The EU needs to rebalance its policy response to the migration crisis by creating new pathways for legal migration and placing greater emphasis on protecting vulnerable people.
If Tunisia’s top-down strategy to boost investment and private-sector growth is to succeed, a bottom-up approach is also needed to address the country’s most urgent challenges.
From peaceful political and social grassroots movements to violent extremists, nonstate actors can put pressure on flawed states by demanding accountability, justice, revolutionary change, or power.
Turkey has the potential to adopt a sustainable political model if the government decides to share political power in a credible manner.
A new gas deal offers a tactical advantage for Turkey and a strategic boon for Russia, which will continue to dominate energy supplies to the EU.