If Tunisia’s top-down strategy to boost investment and private-sector growth is to succeed, a bottom-up approach is also needed to address the country’s most urgent challenges.
From peaceful political and social grassroots movements to violent extremists, nonstate actors can put pressure on flawed states by demanding accountability, justice, revolutionary change, or power.
Turkey has the potential to adopt a sustainable political model if the government decides to share political power in a credible manner.
A new gas deal offers a tactical advantage for Turkey and a strategic boon for Russia, which will continue to dominate energy supplies to the EU.
Thousands of African refugees and migrants risk their lives every day to reach Europe, but what can be done to persuade them not to take this perilous journey?
Europe must invest more heavily in countries such as Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia to help build regional players that are open to reform and resistant to crises.
The migration issue is not going away, Europeans need an integrated migration policy based on a genuine sense of solidarity.
The EU faces a series of dramatic challenges in the Mediterranean area; however, internal structural changes to the union have diminished its foreign policy abilities.
A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
How can the EU reconcile its new policy of promoting stabilization and security in the Middle East with human rights and democratization?