A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
Expelling diplomats is not a way to deal with Russia.
Reforms in Ukraine have taken a back seat during a protracted season of electoral politics. A key question is whether the rival factions can compete peacefully and avoid destabilizing the country again.
Improved bilateral relations between Kyiv and Moscow can only be expected in the post-Putin and post-Poroshenko era.
After Brexit, there is no guarantee that the major powers in NATO and the EU will agree on how to respond to future crises.
The post-1945 institutions are being eclipsed, leaving a vacuum that favors China and weakens Europeans unless they change course.
A mood of realism around the Transdniestria conflict, supported by Russia, is leading to areas of de facto integration. The Moldovan government is cautious, but this is an opportunity for more international engagement.
The EU’s external financing instruments should be improved to make the union’s civil society support efforts more politically effective and more closely aligned with strategic aims.
Ukraine and the EU are closer than ever before. But events over the last four years have also shown how far apart they still are in economic capacity, governance, and their visions for the future.
Ukraine’s reforms depend as much on the country’s leaders on as on consistent, forceful, and unified EU pressure.