Richard Youngs

Senior Associate
Democracy and Rule of Law Program
tel +32 2 735 5650
Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.


PhD, MA Warwick University
BA, Cambridge University


English; French; Spanish


Richard Youngs is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.

Youngs is also a professor of international relations at the University of Warwick. Prior to joining Carnegie in July 2013, he was the director of the European think tank FRIDE. He has held positions in the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and as an EU Marie Curie fellow. He was a senior fellow at the Transatlantic Academy in Washington, DC, from 2012 to 2013.

His latest books include The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy (Carnegie, 2015); The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis (Carnegie, 2014); Europe in the new Middle East (Oxford University Press, 2014); and Climate Change and European Security (Routledge, 2014).

  • Democracy
    Article May 17, 2016
    European Liberal Power as a Two-Way Street

    Today’s European leaders have taken the EU to the brink of dissolution, yet they do little seek help from those outside Europe with more successful democratic lessons to share.

  • Article April 21, 2016
    Non-Western Ideas for Democratic Renewal

    Calls for non-Western forms of democracy have been around for many years but are now becoming louder and more ubiquitous. This trend can be expected to deepen as an integral element of the emerging post-Western world order.

  • Ukraine
    Policy Outlook April 6, 2016
    Fine-Tuning EU Support for Ukrainian Democratization

    The EU needs to step up its support for Ukraine’s still-fragile democracy, focusing on the three areas of conditionality, decentralization, and engagement with civil society.

  • Op-Ed OECD Institutions and Stability February 25, 2016
    A New Era for Civil Society

    The UN sustainable development goal of peace, justice, and strong institutions is an important step forward for global development, but its meaning is inevitably imprecise.

  • Europe; Children; Democracy
    European Union Institute for Security Studies January 15, 2016
    EU Global Strategy: How to Balance Interests and Values

    European foreign policies are and should continue to be guided by interests. However, policymakers often overlook the way in which interests are entwined with values.

  • Turkey
    Op-Ed Foreign Policy December 17, 2015
    Can Democracy Work for the World’s Values Voters?

    Social conservatives are on the march across the world—but there’s no reason they can’t play by democratic rules.

  • Energy
    Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies December 2, 2015
    Energy Union and EU Global Strategy

    The EU’s Energy Union is the latest attempt to upgrade EU energy policy. However, the relationship between energy and foreign policy remains underdefined within the new framework.

  • Syria
    Article December 1, 2015
    Is the EU Tackling the Root Causes of Middle Eastern Conflict?

    There are growing calls for an EU policy that can confront the drivers of instability in the Middle East. But such a policy is unlikely to emerge anytime soon.

  • Op-Ed Journal of Democracy October 25, 2015
    Exploring “Non-Western Democracy”

    Calls for non-Western democracy are proliferating, and they flow both from political changes within states and from shifts in global power balances between states.

  • Op-Ed EU Spring Project October 22, 2015
    Arab Views on Democratic Citizenship—and on EU Support

    There is broad agreement that the EU needs to support local civil society organizations in the neighborhood. But what do Arab reformers themselves understand by democratic citizenship?

  • September 8, 2015
    The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

    The nature of today’s global politics calls for democratic renewal—and this renewal must look beyond the standard practices of Western democracy.

  • Routledge October 13, 2014
    Climate Change and European Security

    As the EU tackles select elements of climate security, it has yet to put in place a foreign policy to manage the geostrategic turmoil that climate change has in store.

  • September 18, 2014
    Europe in the New Middle East: Opportunity or Exclusion?

    After the EU floundered in its initial response to the Arab Spring, it now has to reconsider some of the fundamental tenets of its strategic approach to the Middle East.

  • January 20, 2014
    The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis

    The European Union is mired in the worst crisis it has seen for many decades. And the crisis does not stop at Europe’s edge.

  • Rising Democracies Network members meet with U.S.
    May 3, 2016 Washington, DC
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in Washington, DC

    The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace hosted a two-day meeting of Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network in Washington, DC.

  • February 16, 2016 New Delhi
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in India

    Carnegie and the Observer Research Foundation co-hosted a two-day meeting of Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network in New Delhi, India.

  • Ukraine
    January 26, 2016 Carnegie Europe
    Reforming Ukraine: Conversation With Dmytro Shymkiv and Valerii Pekar

    Ukraine is undertaking an ambitious reform package. Yet the enduring influence of oligarchs, the challenge of corruption, and the slow economic recovery could seriously undermine the viability and sustainability of any progress.

  • Ukraine
    December 8, 2015 Carnegie Europe
    Reforming Ukraine: The EU, Ukraine’s Constitution, and Democratic Reform

    Ukraine faces monumental challenges as it strives to build a transparent and accountable system of governance. How can the EU support the country’s constitutional reform and democratic institution building?

  • December 7, 2015 Carnegie Europe
    Should the EU Support Non-Western Democracy?

    Calls for different forms of democracy are becoming more prominent and widespread. Yet, it remains unclear what such models should look like.

  • December 2, 2015 Washington, DC
    Examining the Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

    Many people in non-Western countries say that they want a democratic system of governance—but just not Western-style democracy. Yet what is meant by non-Western democracy often remains unclear, and at times is merely a cover for non-democratic practices.

  • Energy
    June 16, 2015 Brussels
    Toward A New Transatlantic Energy Security Strategy

    The United States and the EU should identify tools and mechanisms to help manage the intersection of energy and security in the transatlantic context.

  • Middle East
    November 19, 2014 Brussels
    Europe in the New Middle East

    After the EU floundered in its initial response to the Arab Spring, it now has to reconsider some of the fundamental tenets of its strategic approach to the Middle East.

  • November 5, 2014 São Paulo, Brazil
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in Brazil

    Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network met in Brazil to engage with local and regional actors and exchange ideas for cooperation toward international democracy and human rights support.

  • European Union
    January 21, 2014 Brussels
    Europe’s Uncertain Foreign Policy Legacy

    The European Union is mired in the worst crisis it has seen for many decades. This threatens to undercut the EU’s ambitions to develop a coherent and active foreign policy.

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