Richard Youngs

Senior Associate
Democracy and Rule of Law Program
Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.


PhD, MA Warwick University
BA, Cambridge University


English; French; Spanish


Richard Youngs is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.

Youngs is also a professor of international relations at the University of Warwick. Prior to joining Carnegie in July 2013, he was the director of the European think tank FRIDE. He has held positions in the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and as an EU Marie Curie fellow. He was a senior fellow at the Transatlantic Academy in Washington, DC, from 2012 to 2013.

His latest books include The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis (Carnegie, 2014); Europe in the new Middle East (Oxford University Press, 2014); and Climate Change and European Security (Routledge, 2014).

  • Armenia
    Strategic Europe April 2, 2015
    Armenia as a Showcase for the New European Neighborhood Policy?

    The case of Armenia shows the EU’s willingness to adjust its basic neighborhood model. But this adjustment alone does not solve the EU’s most important challenges.

  • FRIDE March 12, 2015
    The EU’s Geopolitical Crossroads in the Middle East

    The EU should tailor its Middle East policies to European strategic interests, while avoiding an excessive focus on stability over reform.

  • Strategic Europe March 2, 2015
    A New Phase in Tunisia’s Transition

    Tunisia has made progress in its journey to democracy, but many obstacles remain. The international community must keep its focus on the country’s unfinished transition.

  • Greece
    Op-Ed El País February 18, 2015 Spanish
    Dealing With the Rise of Antisystem Parties

    After Syriza’s electoral success in Greece, the EU needs to go back to basics and fashion a better strategy to deal with rising antisystem parties.

  • Algeria
    Bertelsmann Transformation Index Blog January 26, 2015
    Thinking Only About Security Is Not a Long-Term Solution

    Without a stable political environment, democracy will not take root in the Middle East and North Africa. But thinking only about security is not a long-term solution either.

  • Greece
    Op-Ed National Interest January 20, 2015
    As Greece Votes, Europe’s Future Hangs in the Balance

    The outcome of Greece’s January 25 election will be pivotal for the country. The way Europe’s political elites respond will have a profound impact on the future of the EU, too.

  • EU; Asia
    Paper January 13, 2015
    Keeping EU-Asia Reengagement on Track

    Three years ago, the EU began to intensify its engagement with Asia. Now, the question is whether there is the political will to move this relationship to the next phase.

  • Op-Ed LSE Europp Blog November 27, 2014 Spanish
    Making a Palestinian State a Reality

    While recognizing a Palestinian state could play a modest role in unblocking peace negotiations, it can only offer a partial solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

  • Strategic Europe November 21, 2014
    Egyptian Chimera

    In its relations with Egypt, the EU should focus on four major challenges: protection of civil society, parliamentary elections, economic engagement, and political Islam.

  • European Union
    International Affairs November 12, 2014
    Europe’s Democracy Trilemma

    The EU faces a democracy trilemma. Only by enhancing transnational democratic interdependence, national democratic legitimacy, and local democratic vitality will the EU fix it.

  • Routledge October 13, 2014
    Climate Change and European Security

    As the EU tackles select elements of climate security, it has yet to put in place a foreign policy to manage the geostrategic turmoil that climate change has in store.

  • September 18, 2014
    Europe in the New Middle East: Opportunity or Exclusion?

    After the EU floundered in its initial response to the Arab Spring, it now has to reconsider some of the fundamental tenets of its strategic approach to the Middle East.

  • January 20, 2014
    The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis

    The European Union is mired in the worst crisis it has seen for many decades. And the crisis does not stop at Europe’s edge.

  • Middle East
    November 19, 2014 Brussels
    Europe in the New Middle East

    After the EU floundered in its initial response to the Arab Spring, it now has to reconsider some of the fundamental tenets of its strategic approach to the Middle East.

  • November 5, 2014 São Paulo, Brazil
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in Brazil

    Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network met in Brazil to engage with local and regional actors and exchange ideas for cooperation toward international democracy and human rights support.

  • European Union
    January 21, 2014 Brussels
    Europe’s Uncertain Foreign Policy Legacy

    The European Union is mired in the worst crisis it has seen for many decades. This threatens to undercut the EU’s ambitions to develop a coherent and active foreign policy.

  • November 5, 2013 Washington, DC
    Rethinking European Democracy Support

    European support for democracy faces a series of challenges stemming both from the results of the Eurozone crisis and from the difficult state of democracy worldwide. In order to confront these challenges, the EU must rethink its approach.

  • May 30, 2013 Washington, DC
    Varieties of Democracy: Global Standards, Local Knowledge

    The global diversity of democratic political system continues to pose practical and analytical challenges to policymakers, advocates and researchers. A new collaborative effort seeks to provide a comprehensive and rigorous approach to the measurement of democracy around the world.

  • December 18, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    Supporting Democracy in Georgia and Ukraine: Time for a Rethink?

    Recent events in the post-Soviet European neighborhood have again put the spotlight on struggling efforts for democratization in the region.

  • December 14, 2010 Brussels
    Europe's Decline and Fall: The Struggle Against Global Irrelevance

    With the ratification of the Lisbon treaty, the EU had hoped to develop the infrastructure to handle the challenges of the twenty-first century world, but recent developments have sparked widespread talk of Europe's relative decline.


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