Richard Youngs

Senior Associate
Democracy and Rule of Law Program
tel +32 2 735 5650
Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.


PhD, MA Warwick University
BA, Cambridge University


English; French; Spanish


Richard Youngs is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.

Youngs is also a professor of international relations at the University of Warwick. Prior to joining Carnegie in July 2013, he was the director of the European think tank FRIDE. He has held positions in the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and as an EU Marie Curie fellow. He was a senior fellow at the Transatlantic Academy in Washington, DC, from 2012 to 2013.

His latest books include The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy (Carnegie, 2015); The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis (Carnegie, 2014); Europe in the new Middle East (Oxford University Press, 2014); and Climate Change and European Security (Routledge, 2014).

  • Spain; elections
    Op-Ed Politico Europe September 15, 2016 Spanish
    What Europe Can Learn From Spain

    Spain’s political gridlock tells a woeful tale of the state of the EU and of European democracy, and places further strains on the eurozone’s stability.

  • Strategic Europe September 9, 2016
    Belarus’s Election Tests the EU’s Global Strategy

    Dialogue between Brussels and Minsk has intensified, but the ongoing rapprochement does not represent a sufficiently strategic or comprehensive policy.

  • EU
    Op-Ed Foreign Affairs August 8, 2016
    Democratizing Europe

    Instead of letting the dust settle and carrying on in a business-as-usual fashion after every crisis, the EU must radically reconfigure its whole political structure.

  • ISSF July 25, 2016
    Roundtable Review of The Taming of Democracy Assistance

    Thomas Carothers and Richard Youngs review Sarah Bush’s new book, The Taming of Democracy Assistance: Why Democracy Promotion Does Not Confront Dictators.

  • Article July 12, 2016
    The Long Road for Rising Democracies and Democracy Support

    Democracy support from rising democracies has moved forward, but not as quickly or decisively as some Western democracy supporters had initially hoped.

  • Egypt
    German Marshall Fund July 7, 2016
    Democratic Citizenship in the Middle East and North Africa

    EU and U.S. approaches to reform must be more sophisticated in circumventing the many negative developments and obstacles in today’s MENA region.

  • Democracy
    Article May 17, 2016
    European Liberal Power as a Two-Way Street

    Today’s European leaders have taken the EU to the brink of dissolution, yet they do little seek help from those outside Europe with more successful democratic lessons to share.

  • Article April 21, 2016
    Non-Western Ideas for Democratic Renewal

    Calls for non-Western forms of democracy have been around for many years but are now becoming louder and more ubiquitous. This trend can be expected to deepen as an integral element of the emerging post-Western world order.

  • Ukraine
    Policy Outlook April 6, 2016
    Fine-Tuning EU Support for Ukrainian Democratization

    The EU needs to step up its support for Ukraine’s still-fragile democracy, focusing on the three areas of conditionality, decentralization, and engagement with civil society.

  • Op-Ed OECD Institutions and Stability February 25, 2016
    A New Era for Civil Society

    The UN sustainable development goal of peace, justice, and strong institutions is an important step forward for global development, but its meaning is inevitably imprecise.

  • September 8, 2015
    The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

    The nature of today’s global politics calls for democratic renewal—and this renewal must look beyond the standard practices of Western democracy.

  • Routledge October 13, 2014
    Climate Change and European Security

    As the EU tackles select elements of climate security, it has yet to put in place a foreign policy to manage the geostrategic turmoil that climate change has in store.

  • September 18, 2014
    Europe in the New Middle East: Opportunity or Exclusion?

    After the EU floundered in its initial response to the Arab Spring, it now has to reconsider some of the fundamental tenets of its strategic approach to the Middle East.

  • January 20, 2014
    The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis

    The European Union is mired in the worst crisis it has seen for many decades. And the crisis does not stop at Europe’s edge.

  • Rising Democracies Network members meet with U.S.
    May 3, 2016 Washington, DC
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in Washington, DC

    The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace hosted a two-day meeting of Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network in Washington, DC.

  • February 16, 2016 New Delhi
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in India

    Carnegie and the Observer Research Foundation co-hosted a two-day meeting of Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network in New Delhi, India.

  • Ukraine
    January 26, 2016 Carnegie Europe
    Reforming Ukraine: Conversation With Dmytro Shymkiv and Valerii Pekar

    Ukraine is undertaking an ambitious reform package. Yet the enduring influence of oligarchs, the challenge of corruption, and the slow economic recovery could seriously undermine the viability and sustainability of any progress.

  • Ukraine
    December 8, 2015 Carnegie Europe
    Reforming Ukraine: The EU, Ukraine’s Constitution, and Democratic Reform

    Ukraine faces monumental challenges as it strives to build a transparent and accountable system of governance. How can the EU support the country’s constitutional reform and democratic institution building?

  • December 7, 2015 Carnegie Europe
    Should the EU Support Non-Western Democracy?

    Calls for different forms of democracy are becoming more prominent and widespread. Yet, it remains unclear what such models should look like.

  • December 2, 2015 Washington, DC
    Examining the Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

    Many people in non-Western countries say that they want a democratic system of governance—but just not Western-style democracy. Yet what is meant by non-Western democracy often remains unclear, and at times is merely a cover for non-democratic practices.

  • Energy
    June 16, 2015 Brussels
    Toward A New Transatlantic Energy Security Strategy

    The United States and the EU should identify tools and mechanisms to help manage the intersection of energy and security in the transatlantic context.

  • Middle East
    November 19, 2014 Brussels
    Europe in the New Middle East

    After the EU floundered in its initial response to the Arab Spring, it now has to reconsider some of the fundamental tenets of its strategic approach to the Middle East.

  • November 5, 2014 São Paulo, Brazil
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in Brazil

    Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network met in Brazil to engage with local and regional actors and exchange ideas for cooperation toward international democracy and human rights support.

  • European Union
    January 21, 2014 Brussels
    Europe’s Uncertain Foreign Policy Legacy

    The European Union is mired in the worst crisis it has seen for many decades. This threatens to undercut the EU’s ambitions to develop a coherent and active foreign policy.

Carnegie Europe
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