Russia’s military attack on Ukraine has aligned EU member states’ views of Moscow and given new momentum to the union’s security and defense policy.
The bloc must ensure that efforts to boost its resilience do not come at the expense of engagement with the wider world.
Erdoğan’s move to block Finland and Sweden from joining NATO is slowing down the expansion process.
Playing the strongman role on the global stage may be profitable for Turkey’s domestic politics, but it also plays in favor of the Kremlin.
The arguments of those skeptical of EU enlargement to Georgia, Ukraine, and Moldova have lost force.
The EU should grant these countries a membership perspective and adopt a much more political approach to accession if it wants to support democracy in Eastern Europe.
In 2021, the EU and European governments put in place new policies for international democracy support, in pursuit of more effective democratic reform.
The Annual Review identifies the strengths and limitations of these initiatives, and calls for a year of action.
Rampant globalization has heightened inequality and undermined the social contract, putting democracy at risk.
To rewire globalization, global governance must become more inclusive and diverse, with different regional perspectives on key policy areas anchoring the reform agenda.
The EU has started to factor climate into its external action, however, to prepare for future climate disruptions, it must move toward a wider notion of ecological security.
Only by placing ecological diplomacy at the heart of its foreign policy can Europe spur far-reaching systemic change.
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